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Pablo Picasso, Guernica

Die baskische Stadt Guernica wurde während des Spanischen Bürgerkriegs von der Deutschen Luftwaffe völlig zerstört.
Picasso’s Guernica (1937) gehört zu den impossantesten kubistischen Werken. Es stellt die Brutalität des Krieges sowie die Leiden der Zivilisten in Schwarz, Weiss und Grautönen dar. Historiker sehen den Angriff auf Guernica als Probe für den nachfolgenden Blitzkrieg.

A German officer in iccupied France, who visited Picasso’s studio and, seeing the Guernica asked the painter “Did you make that?” – to which Picasso is said to have replied: “No – you did.”

T. W. Adorno argues that the “autonomy of a work of art like the Guernica negates the empirical reality on which it was based, destroys its destructive nature, as it were, and thus repeats the guilt implicit in that reality ad infinitum.” (Langer, 2-3)

“Cubism insists on seeing a figure or object on its spatial plane and from multiple perspectives.” (Schwarz, 191)

“Cubism resolves foreground and background.” (Schwarz, 194)

Schwarz D.R. (2005), Reading the Modern British and Irish Novel: 1890-1930, Malden: Blackwell Publishing.
Langer L.L. (1975), The Holocaust and the literary Imagination, New Haven: Yale University Press.

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